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The Himalayas are a mountain range in Asia that runs between India and Nepal, establishing a natural boundary between the two countries. The Himalayas are the world’s highest mountain range, with Mount Everest topping out at 8,848 metres (29,029 feet).
The Himalayas were formed when the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates collided. Erosion and glacial action are continually reshaping the mountains.
Snow leopards, black bears, and red pandas are among the animals that call the Himalayas home. Climbers and hikers flock to the mountains in large numbers.
The Himalayas are a destination of pilgrimage for the world’s best climbers, who have made it a life aim to conquer their summits. Chomolungma did not immediately submit; countless attempts to ascend the “top of the world” have been made since the turn of the century. Edmund Hillary, a New Zealand climber, was the first to achieve this goal in 1953, accompanied by Sherpa Norgay Tenzing, a local guide. In 1982, the Soviet Union completed its first successful mission. Everest has been climbed over 3,700 times in total.
Unfortunately, the Himalayas established a terrible record by killing 572 climbers while attempting to scale their eight-kilometer heights. The number of heroic athletes does not decrease, however, for each of them dreams of “taking” all 14 “eight-thousanders” and receiving the “Crown of the Earth.” To date, 30 persons have been “crowned” winners, three of them are women.
Minerals found in Himalayas
Minerals abound in the Himalayas. Copper ore, alluvial gold, arsenic, and chromium ores are all found in the axial crystalline zone. The foothills and intermountain basins include oil, flammable gases, brown coal, potash, and rock salts.
Gemstones such as emeralds and rubies abound throughout the mountains. Mining is difficult due to the high altitude and challenging terrain, but the results are well worth the effort. In jewellery, electronics, and construction, minerals extracted in the Himalayas are employed.
List of Mountain Range in Nepal
Mt. Everest is the world’s tallest mountain. It can be found in the Himalayas. The Himalayas are a mountain range in Asia that runs for thousands of kilometres. The Himalayas include Mt Everest. Mountain ranges in the Himalayas, especially Mt. Everest, are well-known.
Kanchenjunga, the world’s third tallest peak, is found in the Himalayas. The mountain range spans six nations and has some of the world’s highest peaks, including Mount Everest. Climbers and hikers from all over the world flock to the Himalayas to test themselves on the rough trails and steep ascents.
The name “Kangchenjunga” refers to the mountain’s five high summits and meaning “Five Treasures of Snow.” British climbers Joe Brown and George Band achieved the first successful ascent of Kangchenjunga in 1955. Many adventurers, both amateur and professional, have climbed it since then.
Weather and Climate
The Himalayas are Asia’s largest climatic divide. Continental air from temperate latitudes dominates to the north, while tropical air masses dominate to the south. The summer equatorial monsoon reaches up to the southern Himalayan slope. Because the winds are so strong there that climbing the highest peaks is impossible, Chomolungma can only be climbed in the spring, when there is a brief respite before the summer monsoon begins. The winds of the northern or western rhumbs blow all year on the northern slope, coming from the continent supercooled in winter or very warm in summer, but always dry. The Himalayas range between 35 and 28 degrees north latitude from north-west to south-east, and the summer monsoon barely makes it into the northern section of the mountain system. All of this results in significant climatic variations within the Himalayas.
The eastern half of the southern slope receives the most precipitation (from 2000 to 3000 mm). Their annual precipitation amounts in the west do not reach 1000 mm. In the band of internal tectonic basins and internal river valleys, rainfall is less than 1000 mm. The amount of precipitation falls dramatically on the northern slope, especially in the valleys. Annual precipitation values in certain areas are less than 100 mm. Winter precipitation falls in the form of snow above 1800 metres, while snow occurs all year above 4500 metres.
Up to a height of 2000 m on the southern slopes, the average temperature in January is 6… 7 ° C, and in July 18… 19 ° C; up to a height of 3000 m, the average winter temperature does not go below 0 ° C, and the average July temperature becomes negative only above 4500 m. In the eastern Himalayas, the snow line is at 4500 metres, while in the western, less humid Himalayas, it is at 5100-5300 metres. The nival belt is 700-1000 metres higher on the northern slopes than on the southern ones.